5. Marco Polo Trading Game

Lesson Plan includes:

Scaffolded Instructions
Extension Activities
State Standards Alignment

In this interactive trading game activity, students learn about the valuable goods traded on the Silk Road, the importance of geography when trading resources, and the value of international trade in spreading culture and ideas. 

Students will be assigned to an ancient city, learn what goods and resources it possessed, and then bargain and trade individually and in teams to obtain goods from famed market cities linked by the Silk Road. 

Students will discover the best strategies for long-distance trade among our 5 major trading centers on the Silk Road. They will take turns being shopkeepers and traveling merchants, consider geographic diversity, gauge the value of middlemen, and understand the importance of verbal communication in trade by working together.

Older students can conduct research on present-day world trade and compare it with those of the Silk Road era. An extension activity called “Real World Economics: Trade Today” will guide their exploration of this topic.

Lesson Plan includes:

 • Students will be able to use their newfound knowledge of the resources available in each region of the ancient world that anchored the various routes of the Silk Road.

• Teams will interact digitally through a fun learning experience that emphasizes both individual initiative and cooperation.

• Students will practice verbal communication and strategy-building as they work both alone and in teams to bargain and trade, as they will later, in real-life situations.

• An extension activity for older students asks them to compare ancient trading practices with those of modern times, helping students make connections between the past and the present.

Class time required: 1-2 class periods*

*Extension activity development

Graphic Organizer

Present-Day Trading Partner Research

People in this group
Your group’s trading partner country

As people traded goods and exchanged ideas, they learned and borrowed from each other, which created advances in philosophy, the sciences, language, and religion.

A well-known German geologist, Ferdinand von Richthofen, gave this network a name in the 1800s: the Silk Roads.